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Syrian girls Syrian girls at a community centre in Lebanon. DFID/Russell Watkins CC BY 2.0

Our research questions

GAGE has two main sets of research questions. The first is aimed at helping us understand adolescents’ lives as they evolve over the second decade of life, paying special attention to the ways in which their experiences are gendered. The second is aimed at helping us understand the impacts of change strategies in shaping their development trajectories into adulthood. 

Questions aimed at helping us understand adolescents' capabilities

We are interested in both their actual outcomes and their personal perceptions: 

  • What factors shape adolescent well-being during the second decade of life? What is the relative importance of family influences, gender norms, community and national context factors, institutional dynamics, and broader national and international policies?
  • How do girls and boys understand their worlds as gendered? And how does this vary by context, within and across countries?
  • How much do girls' and boys' experiences, attitudes and identities in early adolescence shape their subsequent behaviours and world views?
  • How do adolescent boys and girls understand the wider macro-context, and their place in the changing social and political order?

Questions aimed at exploring change strategies at different levels

From national level policy to adolescent-friendly services and systems to targeted programming: 

  • What is the effect of select gender-targeted programmes on adolescent girls' individual and collective capabilities?
  • How do existing programmes for girls stack up against more proven approaches such as cash transfers? 
  • Are there gains from bundling or unbundling programme components?
  • How effective is a minimum package approach targeting only girls versus a broader approach that also targets families and communities?
  • What sorts of interventions can catalyse change for girls?
  • When is the best time to intervene in girls' lives, when they are young adolescents or when they are older?
  • What are the cumulative benefits of interventions on adolescent girls' individual and collective capabilities? And on gender norms?
  • Are current interventions too short and/or do they lack intensity?