We only use your email address to send you the newsletter and to see how many people are opening our emails. A full privacy policy can be viewed here. You can change your mind at any time and update your preferences or unsubscribe.

12-year-old girl in Nepal. Photo: Sanjana Shrestha/UN Women

Creation of the gender-equitable school index for secondary schools using principal components analysis

29.06.20 | Education and learning | Nepal

Authors

Irina Bergenfeld, Emma C Jackson and Kathryn M Yount

Expanding girls’ access to schooling in low- and middle-income countries has featured in efforts to improve health and to reduce poverty, given the positive downstream effects of increased schooling attainment for women, including improved maternal and child health. Despite substantial progress towards achieving gender parity at the primary school level, secondary schooling attainment for girls still lags behind that of boys due to greater attrition beginning in early adolescence. In Nepal, as elsewhere, a complex set of interrelated social and structural barriers cause irregular attendance and increased attrition among girls, including son preference, menstrual restrictions and limited access to private toilets and menstrual supplies. Recommendations from the health and development sectors to reduce girls’ differential attrition include gender-sensitive pedagogy, comprehensive sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education and the expansion of access to menstrual hygiene. To understand the factors that contribute to a more equitable school environment for girls, we created the gender-equitable school (GES) index for secondary schools and assessed its relationship with girls’ grade 8 pass rates.

Suggested citation

Bergenfeld, I., Jackson, E. and Yount, K. (2020) ‘Creation of the gender-equitable school index for secondary schools using principal components analysis’, International Healthhttps://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihaa032.


Related publications

Journal articles
21.09.21
‘I Wish Someone Would Ask Me Questions’: The Unheard Voices of Adolescents with Disabilities in Jordan
Education and learning
Jordan
Read more
21.09.21 | Education and learning | Journal articles | Jordan
‘I Wish Someone Would Ask Me Questions’: The Unheard Voices of Adolescents with Disabilities in Jordan
Read more
Journal articles
21.09.21
Absenteeism, Dropout, and On-Time School Completion of Vulnerable Primary School Students in Ethiopia: Exploring the Role of Adolescent Decision-Making Power in the Household, Exposure to Violence, and Paid and Unpaid Work
Education and learning
Ethiopia
Read more
21.09.21 | Education and learning | Journal articles | Ethiopia
Absenteeism, Dropout, and On-Time School Completion of Vulnerable Primary School Students in Ethiopia: Exploring the Role of Adolescent Decision-Making Power in the Household, Exposure to Violence, and Paid and Unpaid Work
Read more
Reports
20.09.21
The effects of covid-19 on the lives of adolescent girls and young women in the adult entertainment sector in Nepal
Across GAGE capabilities
Nepal
Read more
20.09.21 | Across GAGE capabilities | Reports | Nepal
The effects of covid-19 on the lives of adolescent girls and young women in the adult entertainment sector in Nepal
Read more