We only use your email address to send you the newsletter and to see how many people are opening our emails. A full privacy policy can be viewed here. You can change your mind at any time and update your preferences or unsubscribe.

Adolescents from Batu, Ethiopia. Photo: Nathalie Bertrams/GAGE

Disentangling urban adolescents' vulnerability to age- and gender-based violence through a capability lens in Ethiopia and Rwanda

27.10.20 | Bodily integrity and freedom from violence | Ethiopia

Authors

Nicola Jones, Umutoni Marie Francoise, Bekele Tefera, Ernestina Coast, Workneh Yadete, Roberte Isimbi, Guday Emirie and Kassahun Tilahun

Despite considerable progress over the past two decades in advancing the visibility of the rights of children and adolescents to bodily integrity and a life free from violence, the transition from childhood to adulthood remains fraught for girls and boys in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Emerging evidence suggests that adolescents often experience a range of discriminatory gendered and agerelated social norms and practices, which may negatively affect their wellbeing and longer-term development trajectories . The evidence base on adolescent experiences and perceptions of violence is thin and fragmented, and research on the age-based and gender-specific patterning of violence in different settings (household, school, community)—as well as the availability and appropriateness of formal and informal channels of response and redress—is limited in many contexts.

This chapter contributes to efforts to fill this evidence lacuna by exploring how adolescent girls and boys experience age-based and gender-based violence in two East African low-income countries: Ethiopia and Rwanda. It draws on qualitative research conducted in 2016 in two marginalised urban geographies, in Ethiopia (West Hararghe zone) and Rwanda (Musanze district), with approximately 200 adolescent girls and boys—covering those in early adolescence (10–12 years old), mid adolescence (13–15 years old) and older adolescence (16–19 years old)— as well as their peers and caregivers. The data is part of the multi-country Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE) longitudinal policy research programme (2015–2024) funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID).

Suggested citation

Jones, N., Umutoni, M.F., Tefera, B., Coast, E., Workneh, Y., Isimbi, R., Emirie, G., Tilahu, K. (2019) ‘Disentangling urban adolescents’ vulnerability to age- and gender-based violence through a capability lens in Ethiopia and Rwanda’ in Roelen, K., Morgan, R. and Tafere, Y. (eds.) Putting Children First: New Frontiers in the Fight Against Child Poverty in Africa, CROP International Poverty Studies 281. https://gripinequality.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Roelen-et-al-9783838273174_ebook.pdf


Related publications

Journal articles
21.09.21
‘I Wish Someone Would Ask Me Questions’: The Unheard Voices of Adolescents with Disabilities in Jordan
Education and learning
Jordan
Read more
21.09.21 | Education and learning | Journal articles | Jordan
‘I Wish Someone Would Ask Me Questions’: The Unheard Voices of Adolescents with Disabilities in Jordan
Read more
Journal articles
21.09.21
Absenteeism, Dropout, and On-Time School Completion of Vulnerable Primary School Students in Ethiopia: Exploring the Role of Adolescent Decision-Making Power in the Household, Exposure to Violence, and Paid and Unpaid Work
Education and learning
Ethiopia
Read more
21.09.21 | Education and learning | Journal articles | Ethiopia
Absenteeism, Dropout, and On-Time School Completion of Vulnerable Primary School Students in Ethiopia: Exploring the Role of Adolescent Decision-Making Power in the Household, Exposure to Violence, and Paid and Unpaid Work
Read more
Reports
20.09.21
The effects of covid-19 on the lives of adolescent girls and young women in the adult entertainment sector in Nepal
Across GAGE capabilities
Nepal
Read more
20.09.21 | Across GAGE capabilities | Reports | Nepal
The effects of covid-19 on the lives of adolescent girls and young women in the adult entertainment sector in Nepal
Read more