We only use your email address to send you the newsletter and to see how many people are opening our emails. A full privacy policy can be viewed here. You can change your mind at any time and update your preferences or unsubscribe.

© Nathalie Bertrams/GAGE

Exploring the diversity of FGM/C practices in Ethiopia. Drivers, experiences and opportunities for social norm change

18.01.22 | Ethiopia

Bodily integrity and freedom from violence | FGM | Gender equality | Gender norms | Health, Nutrition and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH)

Authors

Elizabeth Presler-Marshall, Nicola Jones, Erin Oakley, Rebecca Dutton, Sarah Baird, Workneh Yadete and Yitagesu Gebeyehu

Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) – defined as all procedures involving injury to or removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons – is practised in 29 African countries, including Ethiopia, and in parts of Asia and the Middle East. Due to its large population and its high national incidence rate (65%), Ethiopia has the world’s second largest total number of women and girls who have experienced FGM/C (behind Egypt). Although progress towards eliminating FGM/C has accelerated in recent years, this may be due to under-reporting due to criminalisation of the practice in 2005. 

This report draws on research conducted by the Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE) programme. It explores the diversity of practices and the ways in which current policy and programming efforts are contributing to change, as well as identifying where there are still blockages in shifting practices and norms around FGM/C. Critically, our findings suggest that mechanistic awareness-raising efforts are falling flat in the communities in which FGM/C is most embedded, and that future progress depends on more strategic and context-tailored efforts to address the intersecting age and gender norms that underpin the practice. 

Suggested citation

Presler-Marshall, E., Jones, N., Oakley, E., Dutton, R., Baird, S., Yadete, W. and Gebeyehu, Y. (2022) Exploring the diversity of FGM/ C practices in Ethiopia. Drivers, experiences and opportunities for social norm change. Report. London: Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence. (https://www.gage.odi.org/publication/exploring-the-diversity-of-fgm-c-practices-in-ethiopia-drivers-experiences-and-opportunities-for-social-norm-change/)


Related publications

Reports
13.05.24
Psychosocial support for Rohingya young people living in Bangladesh: midline evidence from GAGE
Psychosocial well-being
Bangladesh
Read more
13.05.24 | Psychosocial well-being | Reports | Bangladesh
Psychosocial support for Rohingya young people living in Bangladesh: midline evidence from GAGE
Read more
Reports
13.05.24
‘Safe is in the grave’: young people's risk of sexual and gender-based violence in the Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh
Bodily integrity and freedom from violence
Bangladesh
Read more
13.05.24 | Bodily integrity and freedom from violence | Reports | Bangladesh
‘Safe is in the grave’: young people's risk of sexual and gender-based violence in the Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh
Read more
Journal articles
10.05.24
Understanding associations between the COVID-19 pandemic and menstrual hygiene management among adolescent girls in Ethiopia: findings from a mixed-methods longitudinal study
Health, Nutrition and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH)
Ethiopia
Read more
10.05.24 | Health, Nutrition and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) | Journal articles | Ethiopia
Understanding associations between the COVID-19 pandemic and menstrual hygiene management among adolescent girls in Ethiopia: findings from a mixed-methods longitudinal study
Read more